Texture and patterns are both elements of design that enhance the beauty of any space and although they get mistaken as the same thing, they are very different. Patterns relate to the repetition of a graphic motif on a material. It’s a repeated visual element that creates an illustrative perception, meanwhile texture refers to the 2D quality of a surface.
Every surface has a texture whether it be rough, smooth, bumpy, harsh or flat and can be described as either tactile or visual. What’s the difference between tactile and visual? Tactile texture relates to the actual feeling of the surface while visual texture is what our perception believes the texture might feel like.
We often make assumptions of how a material will feel based on our memory of touching similar surfaces. Texture adds visual weight, which means it can draw attention to itself. Therefore, it’s important to choose the right texture that is appealing to the eye. You want to make sure the texture is compatible with the brand’s message to create harmony throughout. It helps differentiate various objects and surfaces, influence scale and transform light. Texture helps communicate a design style that delivers the brand’s message throughout whether your space is modern, contemporary or vintage. Patterns can lift a scheme from the ordinary to something fascinating, however, they must be managed and designed within the space properly. The most commonly used patterns within interior design schemes are stripes, floral/organic, motif, animal, and geometric. Working with complex patterns can be tricky as you want to avoid a design that is too busy for the eye. You must base your patterns on how large or small your space is and from there determine if the pattern is overwhelming or just right. Color also affects how we see patterns. High contrast patterns create an energetic feeling and colors that are close in value will create a more subdued atmosphere. Patterns tell a story of their own and add interest and life to interior design. They work well with color and texture to create a powerful, beautiful and cohesive space.
Textures and patterns are at the forefront of every designer’s mind and without them a space will feel one-dimensional and lackluster. Choosing the right texture and pattern with the appropriate colors can be challenging. With the right interior designer, you can create the right space without worry.
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Design Director: Nikki Francisco